Know the Differences between 3 Primary Eyecare Practitioners in Singapore

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Who are the primary eye care practitioners in Singapore?

There are basically three different eye care practitioners in Singapore namely opticians, optometrists and ophthalmologists.

Opticians are certified to perform refraction and dispense optical appliances such as spectacles after suitable adjustments are made.

Optometrists are primary eye care providers trained in performing eye examinations, detecting as well as managing common eye diseases.

Ophthalmologists are medical practitioners who specializes in treating eye conditions.


In a nutshell, the job scopes of these three practitioners are listed down as follows:

Opticians Optometrists Ophthalmologists
Checking degree/power of the eye


Managing vision problems in children (8y.o and below) Treating vision problems in children (8y.o and below)
Edging of ophthalmic lenses


Fitting of contact lenses Performing eye surgeries
Frame adjustments Prescribing contact lenses Prescribing medications
Prescribing glasses


Detecting eye diseases



Treating eye diseases
Recommendation of frames and lenses Education of first time contact lens wearer



Why is there a need for primary eye care providers?eye-exam

Singapore being a myopia capital, opticians and optometrists are needed to meet the high demand of prescriptive glasses and contact lenses.

The increasing ageing population in Singapore requires Optometrists to step up and take on roles as primary eye care providers even more crucially now than ever before.

As the population ages, age related eye disease prevalence increases proportionately, with more patients presenting conditions such as cataract, age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma, among many other examples.

With Optometrists as the first line of response where eye care is needed, we are able to provide primary eye care services that are more accessible to the population, this in turn allows the eye doctors to concentrate on managing more urgent and complex eye diseases.







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