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is our concern

How common is myopia?

Myopia (short-sightedness) is the most common eye condition in Singapore. It has been estimated that around 2 out of 5 people in Singapore are myopic and Singapore has even been hailed as the myopia capital city of the world. Aside from the burden of needing spectacles or contact lenses to function normally, people with myopia have a much higher risk of blinding eye disease later in life.

Asian Little Chinese Girl Doing Eyes Examination Through Auto refraktometer

Eyesight.sg offers a range of myopia control treatment, protecting your child’s eye health.

How does myopia happen

  1. Age: When kids grow, elongation of eyeballs may happen causing myopia.  
  2. Ethnicity: Asian genetic background may increase rate of myopia in kids.
  3. Genetics: The risk of getting myopia is 3x for kids with one myopic parent, and 6x higher for both.
  4. Environment: Lack of time spent outdoors is a risk for myopia.
  5. Education: Prolonged periods of reading and close-work is an increased risk for myopia.

Risks of Myopia

Myopia is caused by the elongation of the eyeball. Aside from needing spectacles or contact lenses to see clearly, more concerning is that myopia increase the chances of blinding conditions such as cataracts, glaucoma, retinal detachment later in life. The higher the level of myopia, the higher the risk of getting these conditions.

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How can you prevent or slow myopia?

There are ways to slow myopia progression.

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Ortho-K Vision Correction

Orthokeratology are hard lenses that reshape our cornea as we sleep. By putting on this lenses as we sleep, we are able to obtain clear vision in the next day. This lenses changes the shape of the eye surface and allowing central light to focus accurately at the retina and off-centre light to focus in front of the retina. The retina will no longer ‘attempt’ to elongate.

Atropine drops

Instilling atropine drops paralysed the focusing muscles of the eye to slow down the myopia progression. Some suggest that the atropine molecule affects a receptor in the tissue of the back of the eye, signalling the eye to stop growing excessively. This mechanism is still being studied around the world. In Singapore, atropine can only be prescribed by the eye doctors.

Soft contact lens (MiSight)

This concentric design soft contact lens is specifically for myopia control. They work in a similar way to Ortho-K lenses; by changing the way off-axis light is focused on the back of the eye. If Ortho-K lenses are not suitable for the kid, MiSight soft contact lenses are an excellent option to provide reasonable myopia control effect.

Ophthalmic lenses

Normal spectacles lenses offer no myopia control benefit. A progressive addition spectacles lenses design may benefit them by preventing the off-axis light rays falling behind the eyeball.

Other considerations

Spending more time outdoors can help to slow down the progression of myopia. Also, always remember to take a visual break after long hours of near work!

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